• incosmetics Barcelona 2015

  • Principals from around the globe

  • Principals from around the globe

  • Principals from around the globe

  • Principals from around the globe

  • Principals from around the globe

Exfoliators are defined by their ability to remove the layer of dead skin cells from the upper dermis. This action is an age old trick in skincare that can help the absorption of products, encourage skin renewal and help dull conjested looking skin look younger and fresher.

Here are the three types of exfoliator:

Scrubs

Scrubs are the most recognisable form of exfoliator and are often described as physical exfoliants. These products have a grainy texture and contain particles such as salt, sugar and rice that work to physically scrub away dead skin cells. The types of exfoliating grains found in physicals exfoliators also vary in size from micro-beads to macro-beads.

Chemicals

Chemical exfoliants work using naturally occuring acids to break the bonds of the skin cells allowing dead skin to easily fall loose and be cleansed away. The most common types of acid exfoliators are Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) and Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs). AHAs usually contain Glycolic and Lactic acids which are recommended for dry and damaged skin. AHAs work to exfoliate the skin as well as adding moisture for more sensitive skin types. BHAs are advised to use for oily skin types as they are able to break through tough oil to cleanse the pores and contain anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Salicylic acid is a type of BHA that exfoliates above and below the surface of the skin to effectively rejuvenate the skin.

Enzymes

Like chemical exfoliators, enzyme exfoliators dissolve the bonds between skin cells and allow dead dull skin to be easily removed with normal daily cleansing. However these type of exfoliators are particularly reccomended for those who have extremely sensitive skin or rosacea. These products often contain ingredients such as papaya or pineapple as the enzymes occur naturally in these fruits.